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Brazil Estuaries ILTER Coastal Habitats of Espírito Santo Benthic Macrofauna

Latest version published by Sistema de Informação sobre a Biodiversidade Brasileira - SiBBr on Jun 9, 2020 Sistema de Informação sobre a Biodiversidade Brasileira - SiBBr

The PELD (Long-term Program of Ecological Research) Coastal Habitats of Espírito Santo is part of the Brazilian LTER program and started in 2017. It is located on the Eastern Coast of Brazil, and includes coastal ecosystems including estuaries, mangroves, coastal reefs and rodolith beds. This is an innovative project to assess the temporal patterns in multiple coastal ecosystems in the East ern Brazil Marine Ecoregion, where there is a decadal warming trend. The program associates research and conservation, at three Conservation units: Coasta das Algas Environmental Protected Area (APACA), Santa Cruz Wildlife Refuge (RVSSC) and Municipal Reserves of Integral Protection of the mangroves of Piraquê-Açu and Piraquê-Mirim rivers (RPPAM). The project aims to investigate the interactions among abiotic, climatic and ecological dynamics in the benthic communities and Ichthyofauna assemblies associated with the estuaries, the mangroves and the Rhodolith beds. PELD-HCES counts with a research team coordinated by UFES in partnership with USP, UFBA, UFSB, UFF, UFPR, UNISUL, UFSC and the State University of Oregon, and funded by CNPQ, CAPES and FAPES.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,626 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

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Data as a DwC-A file download 1,626 records in Portuguese (30 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
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Metadata as an RTF file download in English (13 KB)

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How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Fraga Bernardino A, de Oliveira Gomes L E (2020): Brazil Estuaries ILTER Coastal Habitats of Espírito Santo Benthic Macrofauna. v1.0. Tropical and Subtropical Western South Atlantic OBIS. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://ipt.iobis.org/wsaobis/resource?r=brazil_estuaries_iter_coastal_habitats_of_espirito_santo_macrofauna&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Sistema de Informação sobre a Biodiversidade Brasileira - SiBBr. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has not been registered with GBIF

Keywords

Sampling Event; ILTER; Coastal Habitats of Espírito Santo; Costa das Algas; estuary; mangroves; macrofauna

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Angelo Fraga Bernardino
Assistant Professor
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo BR
Luiz Eduardo de Oliveira Gomes
PhD Candidate
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo BR

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Angelo Fraga Bernardino
Assistant Professor
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo BR
Luiz Eduardo de Oliveira Gomes
PhD candidate
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo BR

Who filled in the metadata:

Angelo Fraga Bernardino
Assistant Professor
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo BR

Who else was associated with the resource:

Principal Investigator
Angelo Fraga Bernardino
Assistant Professor
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo BR
Metadata Provider
Luiz Eduardo de Oliveira Gomes
PhD Candidate
Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo BR

Geographic Coverage

This study was conducted in the Piraquê Açú-Mirím estuary (PAM, 17°58′S; 40°00′W), within the Eastern Brazil Marine Ecoregion (Fig. 1). The PAM estuary has a semi-diurnal microtidal regime (<2 m) and a Y-shape morphology; it comprises approximately 12 Km2 of preserved mangroves, dominated by Rhizophora mangle, followed by Avicennia schaueriana and Laguncularia racemose (Servino et al., 2018). Coastal development led to mangrove removal in some areas along the estuarine margin for agriculture and construction of houses and piers for fishermen to access the river (Bernardino et al., 2018a). The PAM is a riverine estuary with depths of 4 to 16 m and located on a wave dominated coast in Eastern Brazil (Lana and Bernardino, 2018). It is one of the most pristine estuaries on the Eastern coast with limited land use and pollution, and is included in a municipal protection area (Bernardino et al., 2018b; Hadlich et al., 2018; Varzim et al., 2019). The PAM estuary is also strongly stratified and dependent on continental freshwater influx (Bissoli and Bernardino, 2018), making it reasonable model ecosystems on the study of climate change scenarios. The Eastern Brazil has two well-defined seasons, the dry season (April to September) with precipitation volumes of 53.0 to 97.0 mm·mo−1 and the wet season (October to March) with precipitation of 101.1 to 211.5 mm·mo−1 and annual temperatures from 24 to 26 °C (Bernardino et al., 2015).

Bounding Coordinates South West [-20.028, -40.331], North East [-19.8, -40.07]

Project Data

The PELD (Long-term Program of Ecological Research) Coastal Habitats of Espírito Santo is part of the Brazilian LTER program and started in 2017. It is located on the Eastern Coast of Brazil, and includes coastal ecosystems including estuaries, mangroves, coastal reefs and rodolith beds. This is an innovative project to assess the temporal patterns in multiple coastal ecosystems in the East ern Brazil Marine Ecoregion, where there is a decadal warming trend. The project aims to investigate the interactions among abiotic, climatic and ecological dynamics in the benthic communities and Ichthyofauna assemblies associated with the estuaries, the mangroves and the Rhodolith beds.

Title International Long-term Ecological Research Program - Brazil - Coastal Habitats of Espírito Santo
Funding PELD-HCES counts with a research team coordinated by UFES in partnership with USP, UFBA, UFSB, UFF, UFPR, UNISUL, UFSC and the State University of Oregon, and funded by CNPQ, CAPES and FAPES.
Study Area Description The program associates research and conservation, at three Conservation units: Coasta das Algas Environmental Protected Area (APACA), Santa Cruz Wildlife Refuge (RVSSC) and Municipal Reserves of Integral Protection of the mangroves of Piraquê-Açu and Piraquê-Mirim rivers (RPPAM).

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Angelo Fraga Bernardino
Metadata Provider
Luiz Eduardo de Oliveira Gomes

Sampling Methods

We investigated spatial and temporal changes in benthic assemblages within two sectors (A = lower estuary and B = upper estuary), both located within a polyhaline salinity gradient. Two spatial scales were tested, sectors (A vs B, 1000's of meters) and sites (S1 and S2, two per sector, 100's of meters; Fig. 1). Each site (S1 and S2) was subdivided into two sampling plots along the intertidal mudflat, 10 m apart and at least 1 m from the nearby mangrove forests. Monthly sampling occurred since 2012 during low spring tides. In each plot (n = 2 per site), three replicate faunal samples were collected for analysis. Macrofaunal samples were sieved in the field (500 μm) and pre- served in 70% ethanol until sorting. In the laboratory, all organisms were sorted and identified to family or lower taxonomic levels. After sorting, the total biomass of the macrofauna (wet weight) was deter- mined using a balance with 0.001 g precision. The macrofauna func- tional groups (deposit feeders, OCO - omnivores, carnivores and others -, filter feeders, suspension feeders and detritivore feeders) were defined according to Magalhães and Barros (2011) and Jumars et al. (2015). The bioturbation potential of each taxa (BPi), here calcu- lated from the relative abundance of the dominant taxa, included Magelonidae, Sternaspidae, Capitellidae, Goniadidae, Paraonidae and Oligochaeta (Bpi; ~90% relative abundance; Solan et al., 2004). The BPc was calculated from the sum of the bioturbation potential of the domi- nant taxa; just the dominant taxa were used because the weight of the remaining taxa was not sufficient to perform the calculations, wet weight b0.001 g. Mobility information (Mi) and reworking (Ri) of the fauna were based on Queirós et al. (2013). In general, the closest taxonomic level was applied if there were no species-specific data available.

Study Extent The dataset includes monthly in situ surveys of benthic macrofauna from two pristine estuaries in the Eastern Brazilian coast.
Quality Control Taxonomic validity was verified using the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS; www.marinespecies.org) and the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS; https://obis.org/)

Method step description:

  1. Samples were processed following the estuary protocol from ILTER Coastal Habitats of Espírito Santo. http://bentos.ufes.br/conteudo/peld-coastal-habitats-esp%C3%ADrito-santo-peld-hces

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Gomes LEO, Bernardino AF 2020. Drought effects on tropical estuarine benthic assemblages in Eastern Brazil. Science of The Total Environment 703, 135490 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135490
  2. Bissoli LB, Bernardino AF. 2018. Benthic macrofaunal structure and secondary production in tropical estuaries on the Eastern Marine Ecoregion of Brazil. PeerJ 6:e4441 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4441
  3. Servino et al. 2018. Extreme weather impacts on tropical mangrove forests in the Eastern Brazil Marine Ecoregion. Science of The Total Environment 628–629: 233-240 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.068
  4. Bernardino et al. 2018. Mangrove clearing impacts on macrofaunal assemblages and benthic food webs in a tropical estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin 126: 228-235 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.11.008

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers https://ipt.sibbr.gov.br/peld/resource?r=benthonic_macro01